Barrett M82 is a semi-automatic anti-material rifle, designed and developed by Barrett Firearms Manufacturing company. Development of this powerful anti-material rifle began in the early 1980s. Working versions were ready by 1982, hence the designation M82. It is worth noting that the M82 is a company designation, rather than a US military designation. This rifle was designed to destroy sensitive enemy equipment, like parked aircraft, radar units, trucks and various other important assets at long range. It is used for remote destruction of explosive ordnance. Even though it was originally designed as an anti-material rifle, the Barrett M82 is also used as a long-range sniper rifle.
The Barrett M82 is chambered for powerful 12.7×99 mm (.50 BMG) ammunition. This ammunition was originally developed for and used in Browning M2 heavy machine gun. Sometimes the Barrett M82 is referred as “Light Fifty” for its cartridge.
This weapon has a unique recoil reduction mechanism. The muzzle brake is said to absorb 70% of the recoil. It reduces the forces acting on internal mechanisms and the shooter. This weapon is fed from 10-round detachable magazines. The Barrett M82 was often fitted with 10x magnification scope. This weapon can be also used with night vision scopes. There is a flip-up iron sight for emergency use in case of scope damage. Modern variants have a Picatinny-type scope rail on top of the receiver.
|Mass||29.7 lb (13.5 kg) to 30.9 lb (14.0 kg)|
|Length||48 in (120 cm) to 57 in (140 cm)|
|Barrel length||20 in (51 cm) to 29 in (74 cm)|
|Caliber||.50 caliber, Or 12.7 mm|
|Muzzle velocity||2,799 ft/s (853 m/s)|
|Effective firing range||1,969 yd (1,800 m)|
|Feed system||5- or 10-round detachable box magazine|